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How do you think an artist can change the feel of their art by using these 3 properties?

3 Properties to Change the Feel of Their Art

3 Properties to Change the Feel of Their Art (1)

Discuss the 3 main properties of color: how do you think an artist can change the feel of their art by using these 3 properties?

The three main properties of color are hue, saturation, and brightness. These core aspects form the foundation for how both scientists and artists think about color. Mastering color theory involves understanding how tweaking these attributes impacts the aesthetic feel and visual weight of elements in a composition.

Here are the details about hue, saturation, and brightness:

What is hue?

Hue refers to the color itself – whether something is red, blue, yellow, or another color on the visible spectrum. Hue gives a color its essential “colorness” and name. Shifting the dominant hues in an artwork can drastically reshape its mood and style.

For example, a painting heavy in red may feel intense and dramatic, while one with lots of blues instead may come across as tranquil and understated.

What is saturation?

Saturation refers to the intensity of a color’s hue. Highly saturated colors appear vivid and rich, almost artificially enhanced. Colors with low saturation seem duller and more subdued.

For example, neon red has extremely high saturation, while brick red has lower saturation and feels more natural. By controlling the vividness of colors through saturation levels, an artist has immense power to attract the viewer’s eye to focal points or create ambiance.

What is brightness?

Brightness indicates where on the scale from pure white to pure black a color falls. It refers to how light or dark a color appears.

For instance, a sunny lemon yellow has high brightness, as it is quite light. A golden brown has lower brightness as it is darker. An artist can darken or lighten any hue using black or white pigments to precisely adjust its brightness. This contrast strongly impacts the perceived depth and weight of compositional elements.

How Can An Artist Use These 3 Properties to Change the Feel of Their Art?

Changing Hue

Shifting the dominant or accent hues featured in an artwork can dramatically impact its mood. A scene painted with cool blues and purples might feel serene yet somber. Switching to warm, energetic hues like orange and yellow instead could make the same composition feel lively and cheerful.

Hue strongly impacts the emotions and sensations evoked by color. Even holding brightness and saturation equal, hue shifts elicit an instinctual human response.

Increasing/Decreasing Saturation

Saturation adjusts how intensely vivid colors appear. Boosting saturation makes hues seem richer, almost artificially enhanced. Vibrant colors naturally attract viewer attention. Lowering saturation washes color out, making an artwork feel delicate or faded like an old photograph.

An artist can use saturation strategically, for example by cranking up saturation on focal points so they stand out against duller backgrounds. This color intensity variation creates a crucial visual hierarchy.

Adjusting Brightness

Changing how light or dark colors appear affects their perceived weight and position in space. Brighter colors visually advance toward the viewer and can feel ethereal and airy. Darker hues seem to recede in space and feel more grounded and substantial.

Dramatically increasing contrast between light and dark areas builds a sense of depth and naturally draws the viewer’s attention due to the color variation. Artists exploit brightness cleverly to guide the viewer’s eye across a composition.

How Can An Artist Use a Color’s Temperature?

Warm Colors Cool Colors
Red, orange, yellow Blue, green, purple
Advance visually toward the viewer Recede visually, seem distant
Feel exciting, energetic Feel serene, tranquil
Reminiscent of heat, fire Reminiscent of water, sky


The three core properties of color – hue, saturation, and brightness – are essential tools for artists. Mastering color theory allows painters to deliberately tweak the color scheme to create a desired look and feel.

Dramatically shifting the temperature, changing color vividness through saturation, or strategically adjusting lightness/darkness leads the viewer’s eye and evokes responses.

Color handling is what breathes life into a composition, sparking emotions and interest. A piece that might otherwise feel flat is transformed through the artist’s sensitive, skillful use of color.